DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > CockroachDB vs. MySQL vs. ToroDB vs. TypeDB vs. UniData,UniVerse

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. MySQL vs. ToroDB vs. TypeDB vs. UniData,UniVerse

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparisonUniData,UniVerse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Widely used open source RDBMSA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQLTypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query languageMultiValue database and application server with SQL mapping layer and meta database capabilities
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIDocument storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Multivalue DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.97
Rank#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score1206.05
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#339  Overall
#44  Document stores
Score0.76
Rank#198  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#95  Relational DBMS
Score3.62
Rank#90  Overall
#2  Multivalue DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.mysql.comwww.torodb.comvaticle.comwww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdev.mysql.com/­docwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docsdocs.vaticle.comwww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2/­documentation
DeveloperCockroach LabsOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun8KdataVaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)Rocket Software
Initial release20151995201620161985
Current release21.1.2, June 20218.0.27, October 20212.5, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoAGPL-V3Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageGoC and C++JavaJavaC
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VMLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemedynamic schemayesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_idyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
gRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Java API infoJPA
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
SOAP-based API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
Basic infoU2 Basic
C
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoproprietary syntaxnoyes
Triggersnoyesnonoyes infoU2 Basic
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFThorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricShardingSharding infoby using Cassandranone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationMulti-source replication infoby using CassandraSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenono infosubstituted by the relationship featureno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoACIDACID infoconfigurable
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesAccess rights for users and rolesyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressAccess rights according to SQL-standard and operating system based
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBMySQLToroDBTypeDB infoformerly named GraknUniData,UniVerse
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Meet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Entity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersComcast, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc,...
» more
Market metrics6.7K+ long-running clusters 2.2K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 10.5K+ CockroachDB...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CockroachDBMySQLToroDBTypeDB infoformerly named GraknUniData,UniVerse
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Cockroach Labs Wants to Take on AWS
13 January 2022, Bloomberg

Cockroach Labs Raises Another $278M for its Cloud-Native Database at a $5B Valuation
23 December 2021, AlleyWatch

Cockroach Labs Introduces CockroachDB Serverless: Build What You Dream and Never Worry about the Database
19 October 2021, PRNewswire

CockroachDB, the database that just won't die
15 July 2021, TechCrunch

CockroachDB update scales distributed SQL database
16 November 2021, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Connect to an MySQL Database via Python | by Christianlauer | CodeX | Jan, 2022
13 January 2022, Medium

PostgreSQL vs MySQL | Compare Database Management Systems
20 December 2021, Server Watch

DB2/400 Storage Engine for MySQL Now Available as Public Beta
12 March 2009, Database Journal

How to Connect MySQL to Google Sheets
29 December 2021, BollyInside

Relational Databases Software Market Technology, New Innovations, Forecast Report to 2026
10 January 2022, Get News Alert

provided by Google News

How to Aid Disease Research with a Biomedical Knowledge Graph
29 July 2021, hackernoon.com

provided by Google News

Unidata joins Inmarsat's programme to boost mining scale - Mining Global
17 December 2021, Mining News, Magazine and Website

Investors Could Be Concerned With Unidata's (BIT:UD) Returns On Capital
11 May 2021, Simply Wall St

Rocket Software UniData Offers High Level of Performance for the Society of Authors
23 October 2019, Database Trends and Applications

UniData
5 March 2019, International Spectrum Magazine

Rocket Software Releases MultiValue Integration Server Enhancements, Announces Free Availability for Maintenance Partners and Customers
11 March 2021, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Sales Development Representative
Cockroach Labs, Dutch, WV

Recruiting Coordinator
Cockroach Labs, New York, NY

Financial Analyst
Cockroach Labs, United States

Human Resources Generalist
Cockroach Labs, New York, NY

Account Executive, Enterprise
Cockroach Labs, Enterprise, CA

PowerApps Developer
ECS Federal LLC, Remote

Provider Enrollment Specialist *Remote Opportunity*
Northern Light Health, Bangor, ME

MySQL Database Administrator
Oracle, United States

PHP/MySQL Developer
VS Media, Westlake Village, CA

Accelerator Operator
Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA

Unidata Developer
Intone Networks, Remote

Software Engineer (Unidata)
SurePayroll, Saint Petersburg, FL

Software Engineer (Unidata)
Paychex Inc., West Palm Beach, FL

Programmer/Analysts
The Bowman Group, Chatsworth, CA

Programmer/Analyst - Level IV
Macomb Community College, Warren, MI

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Present your product here