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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. MongoDB vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. MongoDB vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.93
Rank#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score484.67
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1.84
Rank#128  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.mongodb.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperCockroach LabsMongoDB, IncYugabyte Inc.
Initial release201520092017
Current release21.1.2, June 20215.0, July 20212.6, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Yugabyte Cloud is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.
Implementation languageGoC++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemedynamic schemaschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.depending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsJDBCproprietary protocol using JSONJDBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
YSQL - a fully relational SQL API that is wire compatible with the SQL language in PostgreSQL
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScriptyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.Hash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Based on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Strong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBMongoDBYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
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MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
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YugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...
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Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
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The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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PostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....
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Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
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Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Systems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...
» more
Key customersComcast, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc,...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics6.5K+ long-running clusters 1.5K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 6.5K+ CockroachDB...
» more
175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
900,000+ lifetime clusters deployed 5.5K+ GitHub stars 4.3K+ YugabyteDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Apache 2.0 license for the database
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesFivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CockroachDBMongoDBYugabyteDB
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