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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. mSQL vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. mSQL vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Fully managed big data interactive analytics platformmSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSTypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query language
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.53
Rank#59  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score7.30
Rank#60  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score1.74
Rank#132  Overall
#65  Relational DBMS
Score0.82
Rank#194  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#91  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerhughestech.com.au/­products/­msqlvaticle.com
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperCockroach LabsMicrosoftHughes TechnologiesVaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)
Initial release2015201919942016
Current release21.1.2, June 2021cloud service with continuous releases4.4, October 20212.11.0, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availablecommercialcommercial infofree licenses can be providedOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachDB: A cloud-native, distributed SQL database designed for speed, scale, and survival. Get started for free today with a fully-managed CockroachDB cluster -- leave operations behind and get your app to market faster.
Implementation languageGoCJava
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemedynamic schemaFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyesall fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCMicrosoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Rnono
Triggersnoyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicynono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.noneMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
noneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononono
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlAzure Active Directory Authenticationnoyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorermSQL infoMini SQLTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Azure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Meet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Kusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Entity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
IoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersComcast, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc, Bitski,...
» more
Microsoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metrics8K+ long-running clusters 2.5K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 15K+ CockroachDB...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
An Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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CockroachDBMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorermSQL infoMini SQLTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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