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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. LeanXcale vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. LeanXcale vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.A highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.53
Rank#59  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score0.15
Rank#299  Overall
#44  Key-value stores
#138  Relational DBMS
Score103.12
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.leanxcale.comwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperCockroach LabsLeanXcaleSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201520152014
Current release21.1.2, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachDB: A cloud-native, distributed SQL database designed for speed, scale, and survival. Get started for free today with a fully-managed CockroachDB cluster -- leave operations behind and get your app to market faster.
Implementation languageGo
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
hosted
Data schemedynamic schemayesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyes infothrough Apache Derbyyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
C
Java
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions
Triggersnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBLeanXcaleSnowflake
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Full ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Linear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Hybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersComcast, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc, Bitski,...
» more
banking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics8K+ long-running clusters 2.5K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 15K+ CockroachDB...
» more
15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
annual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
CockroachDBLeanXcaleSnowflake
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