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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. LeanXcale vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. LeanXcale vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.A highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesWidely used open source RDBMSNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.97
Rank#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#283  Overall
#41  Key-value stores
#132  Relational DBMS
Score1206.05
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.00
Rank#176  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.leanxcale.comwww.mysql.comnuodb.com
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdev.mysql.com/­docdoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperCockroach LabsLeanXcaleOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNuoDB, Inc.
Initial release2015201519952013
Current release21.1.2, June 20218.0.27, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageGoC and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemedynamic schemayesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyes infothrough Apache Derbyyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
C
Java
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, SQL
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFThorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBLeanXcaleMySQLNuoDB
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Full ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Linear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Hybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersComcast, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc,...
» more
banking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics6.7K+ long-running clusters 2.2K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 10.5K+ CockroachDB...
» more
15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
annual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
CockroachDBLeanXcaleMySQLNuoDB
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