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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. Kingbase vs. Memcached vs. SAP HANA vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. Kingbase vs. Memcached vs. SAP HANA vs. TypeDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonKingbase  Xexclude from comparisonMemcached  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.An enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with PostgreSQL and Oracle and widely used in China.In-memory key-value store, originally intended for cachingIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceTypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query language
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.53
Rank#59  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score0.37
Rank#265  Overall
#123  Relational DBMS
Score24.64
Rank#33  Overall
#4  Key-value stores
Score54.96
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score0.82
Rank#194  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#91  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.kingbase.com.cnwww.memcached.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlvaticle.com
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsbbs.kingbase.com.cn/­chess_wenku-index.htmlgithub.com/­memcached/­memcached/­wikihelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperCockroach LabsBeiJing KINGBASE Information technologies inc.Danga Interactive infooriginally developed by Brad Fitzpatrick for LiveJournalSAPVaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)
Initial release20151999200320102016
Current release21.1.2, June 2021V8.0, August 20211.6.15, March 20222.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 20202.11.0, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoBSD licensecommercialOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachDB: A cloud-native, distributed SQL database designed for speed, scale, and survival. Get started for free today with a fully-managed CockroachDB cluster -- leave operations behind and get your app to market faster.
Implementation languageGoC and JavaCJava
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemedynamic schemayesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLStandard with numerous extensionsnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCADO.NET
gokb
JDBC
kdbndp
ODBC
PDI
PDO
Pro*C
psycopg2
QT
Proprietary protocolJDBC
ODBC
gRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
.Net
C
C++
ColdFusion
Erlang
Java
Lisp
Lua
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsnoSQLScript, Rno
Triggersnoyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFThorizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash) and vertical partitioningnoneyesSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTyesnone infoRepcached, a Memcached patch, provides this functionallityyesMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyesno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesnoyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infousing SASL (Simple Authentication and Security Layer) protocolyesyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBKingbaseMemcachedSAP HANATypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
An enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with PostgreSQL and Oracle. It has the following...
» more
Meet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Complete database management platform with Integrated Development Environment Tool,...
» more
Entity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
New applications for transactional and mixed workloads that need to integrate with...
» more
Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersComcast, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc, Bitski,...
» more
The main customers are: China National Petroleum Corporation China Petrochemical...
» more
Market metrics8K+ long-running clusters 2.5K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 15K+ CockroachDB...
» more
At present, the main market is in China, but expansion to the international market...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
Business license. Various sales modes: for example, sales by set, sales by CPU quantity,...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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More resources
CockroachDBKingbaseMemcachedSAP HANATypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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