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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. Hive vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. Hive vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.53
Rank#59  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score78.66
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score59.35
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score5.21
Rank#78  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comhive.apache.orgneo4j.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docscwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homeneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperCockroach LabsApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release2015201220072010
Current release21.1.2, June 20213.1.2, August 20194.4.10, August 20223.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachDB: A cloud-native, distributed SQL database designed for speed, scale, and survival. Get started for free today with a fully-managed CockroachDB cluster -- leave operations behind and get your app to market faster.Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageGoJavaJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemedynamic schemayesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
C++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersnonoyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTShardingyes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTselectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBHiveNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersComcast, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc, Bitski,...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metrics8K+ long-running clusters 2.5K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 15K+ CockroachDB...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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