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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. Hive vs. JanusGraph

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. Hive vs. JanusGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.73
Rank#58  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score59.76
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score2.02
Rank#125  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comhive.apache.orgjanusgraph.org
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docscwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.janusgraph.org
DeveloperCockroach LabsApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by Aurelius
Initial release201520122017
Current release24.1.0, May 20243.1.3, April 20220.6.3, February 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageGoJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemedynamic schemayesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTShardingyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTselectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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More resources
CockroachDBHiveJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan
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