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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. Hazelcast vs. Ignite vs. Memcached

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. Hazelcast vs. Ignite vs. Memcached

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonMemcached  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.A widely adopted in-memory data gridApache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.In-memory key-value store, originally intended for caching
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.98
Rank#56  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score9.60
Rank#50  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score6.14
Rank#68  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
#36  Relational DBMS
Score24.45
Rank#33  Overall
#4  Key-value stores
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comhazelcast.comignite.apache.orgwww.memcached.org
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docshazelcast.org/­imdg/­docsapacheignite.readme.io/­docsgithub.com/­memcached/­memcached/­wiki
DeveloperCockroach LabsHazelcastApache Software FoundationDanga Interactive infooriginally developed by Brad Fitzpatrick for LiveJournal
Initial release2015200820152003
Current release21.1.2, June 20215.2.1, November 2022Apache Ignite 2.61.6.17, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoBSD license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachDB: A cloud-native, distributed SQL database designed for speed, scale, and survival. Get started for free today with a fully-managed CockroachDB cluster -- leave operations behind and get your app to market faster.
Implementation languageGoJavaC++, Java, .NetC
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemedynamic schemaschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategyyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLSQL-like query languageANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
ColdFusion
Erlang
Java
Lisp
Lua
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Servicesyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)no
Triggersnoyes infoEventsyes (cache interceptors and events)no
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTyes infoReplicated Mapyes (replicated cache)none infoRepcached, a Memcached patch, provides this functionallity
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitedACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesno
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlRole-based access controlSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsyes infousing SASL (Simple Authentication and Security Layer) protocol
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBHazelcastIgniteMemcached
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Key customersComcast, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, Bitski, Five9,...
» more
Market metrics8K+ long-running clusters 2.5K+ CockroachDB self-hosted clusters 20K+ CockroachDB...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more

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CockroachDBHazelcastIgniteMemcached
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