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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. H2 vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. H2 vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.TypeDB provides developers with an expressive, customizable type system to manage their data using an award-winning query language, TypeQL, while building on a high-performance, distributed architecture.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS infoThe type-theoretic data model of TypeDB subsumes the graph database model.
Object oriented DBMS infoThe data model of TypeDB comprises object-oriented features such as class inheritance and interfaces.
Relational DBMS infoThe type-theoretic data model of TypeDB subsumes the relational database model.
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.73
Rank#58  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score8.33
Rank#46  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score0.70
Rank#230  Overall
#20  Graph DBMS
#8  Object oriented DBMS
#106  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.h2database.comtypedb.com
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docswww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmltypedb.com/­docs
DeveloperCockroach LabsThomas MuellerVaticle
Initial release201520052016
Current release24.1.0, May 20242.2.220, July 20232.28.3, June 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageGoJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemedynamic schemayesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
gRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (IDE)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
JavaAll JVM based languages
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsno
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTnoneno
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseSynchronous replication via raft
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBH2TypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsTypeDB is a polymorphic database with a conceptual data model, a strong subtyping...
» more
Competitive advantagesTypeDB provides a new level of expressivity, extensibility, interoperability, and...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache f or language drivers, and AGPL and Commercial for the database server. The...
» more

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More resources
CockroachDBH2TypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Recent citations in the news

Cockroach Labs Deepens Partnership with Google Cloud, CockroachDB Selected to Join Google Distributed Cloud
9 April 2024, PR Newswire

CockroachDB tempts legacy databases to crawl into the cloud age
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14 February 2024, InfoQ.com

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6 November 2023, AWS Blog

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6 October 2020, Towards Data Science

How Roche Discovered Novel Potential Gene Targets with TypeDB
8 June 2021, Towards Data Science

provided by Google News



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