DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > CockroachDB vs. H2 vs. Oracle Rdb vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. H2 vs. Oracle Rdb vs. SQLite

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.27
Rank#57  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score8.46
Rank#53  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score1.53
Rank#171  Overall
#83  Relational DBMS
Score132.67
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.h2database.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docswww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperCockroach LabsThomas MuellerOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)Dwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release2015200519842000
Current release21.1.2, June 20212.1.210, January 20227.4.1.1, 20213.40.1  (28 December 2022), December 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercialOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachDB: A cloud-native, distributed SQL database designed for speed, scale, and survival. Get started for free today with a fully-managed CockroachDB cluster -- leave operations behind and get your app to market faster.
Implementation languageGoJavaC
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
All OS with a Java VMHP Open VMSserver-less
Data schemedynamic schemayesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyesyesyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
JavaActionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsno
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDyes, on a single nodeACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBH2Oracle RdbSQLite
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Key customersComcast, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, Bitski, Five9,...
» more
Market metrics8K+ long-running clusters 25K+ CockroachDB self-hosted clusters 75K+ CockroachDB...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CockroachDBH2Oracle RdbSQLite
DB-Engines blog posts

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Database Futures with a Cockroach Labs Co-Founder
27 January 2023, Datanami

Let SQL Do All the Work: User Defined Functions
31 January 2023, The New Stack

CockroachDB Toughens Shell For Data-Intense Journey To Cloud
7 December 2022, Forbes

Cockroach Labs debuts serverless edition of its popular ...
21 September 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Legal ops group welcomes three new board members
6 January 2023, Legal Dive

provided by Google News

HC-tree is a High-Concurrency Backend for SQLite Supporting ...
25 January 2023, InfoQ.com

SQLite Database Integration Now Available as a Plugin for Testing
25 January 2023, WP Tavern

What Is PocketBase and How Do You Use It? - MUO
13 January 2023, MakeUseOf

Here's what we learned about digital footprints from the Alex Murdaugh trial
3 February 2023, WLTX.com

What Is SQLite? (Definition, Use, Example, Alternatives)
21 December 2022, Built In

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Cloud Engineering
Zodient, Remote

Application Software Engineer, Data
SpaceX, Redmond, WA

Golang Software Engineer - (USA Remote)
Turnitin, LLC, Atlanta, GA

Software Engineer (L5) - Membership Engineering
Netflix, California

Senior Tech Specialist
Zodient, Remote

Remote: Web Developer III
Western Growers Family of Companies, Irvine, CA

Remote: Web Developer III
Western Growers, Remote

Developer
Self Storage Base, Irvine, CA

C, Golang Software Engineer working on dqlite, a RAFT extension for SQLite
Canonical - Jobs, Boise, ID

Website Developer
ContentActive, Houston, TX

Full Stack Developer
Web Services, Remote

Senior C# Cross Platform Software Engineer
Mailbird, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here