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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. H2 vs. Memcached vs. OceanBase vs. Rockset

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. H2 vs. Memcached vs. OceanBase vs. Rockset

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonMemcached  Xexclude from comparisonOceanBase  Xexclude from comparisonRockset  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.In-memory key-value store, originally intended for cachingA distributed, high available RDBMS compatible with Oracle and MySQLA scalable, reliable search and analytics service in the cloud, built on RocksDB
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.53
Rank#59  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score9.81
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score24.64
Rank#33  Overall
#4  Key-value stores
Score0.79
Rank#198  Overall
#94  Relational DBMS
Score0.51
Rank#240  Overall
#37  Document stores
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.h2database.comwww.memcached.orgopen.oceanbase.comrockset.com
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docswww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlgithub.com/­memcached/­memcached/­wikiopen.oceanbase.com/­docsdocs.rockset.com
DeveloperCockroach LabsThomas MuellerDanga Interactive infooriginally developed by Brad Fitzpatrick for LiveJournalOceanBase infopreviously Alibaba and Ant GroupRockset
Initial release20152005200320112019
Current release21.1.2, June 20212.1.210, January 20221.6.15, March 20223.2.3, March 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoBSD licenseOpen Source infoCommercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachDB: A cloud-native, distributed SQL database designed for speed, scale, and survival. Get started for free today with a fully-managed CockroachDB cluster -- leave operations behind and get your app to market faster.
Implementation languageGoJavaCC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
All OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linuxhosted
Data schemedynamic schemayesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyesdynamic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono infoingestion from XML files supported
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyesnoyesRead-only SQL queries, including JOINs
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocolJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Proprietary native API
Table API
HTTP REST
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
Java.Net
C
C++
ColdFusion
Erlang
Java
Lisp
Lua
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada infoin MySQL-compatible model
C infoin Oracle- and MySQL- compatible models
C++ infoin Oracle- and MySQL- compatible models
D infoin MySQL-compatible model
Delphi infoin MySQL-compatible model
Eiffel infoin MySQL-compatible model
Erlang infoin MySQL-compatible model
Haskell infoin MySQL-compatible model
Java infoin Oracle- and MySQL- compatible models
JavaScript (Node.js) infoin MySQL-compatible model
Objective-C infoin MySQL-compatible model
OCaml infoin MySQL-compatible model
Perl infoin MySQL-compatible model
PHP infoin MySQL-compatible model
Python infoin MySQL-compatible model
Ruby infoin MySQL-compatible model
Scheme infoin MySQL-compatible model
Tcl infoin MySQL-compatible model
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsnoPL/SQL in oracle-compatible mode, MySQL Stored Procedure in mysql-compatible modeno
Triggersnoyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTnonenonehorizontal partitioning (by hash, key, range, range columns, list, and list columns)Automatic sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenone infoRepcached, a Memcached patch, provides this functionallityMulti-source replication using Paxosyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesnoyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infousing SASL (Simple Authentication and Security Layer) protocolAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and organizations can be defined via Rockset console
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBH2MemcachedOceanBaseRockset
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
OceanBase Database is the world’s only native distributed database that has set new...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
High Availability : The five IDCs across three sites disaster recovery solution sets...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Key customersComcast, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc, Bitski,...
» more
OceanBase Database has helped over 400 customers across industries upgrade their...
» more
Market metrics8K+ long-running clusters 2.5K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 15K+ CockroachDB...
» more
TPC-C No.1 Performance , achieved a result of 707.35 million tpmC in the TPC-C benchmark...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
Mulan PubL v2 license for open source community edition. Commercial license for enterprise...
» more

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CockroachDBH2MemcachedOceanBaseRockset
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