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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. H2 vs. LeanXcale

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. H2 vs. LeanXcale

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.A highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilities
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.73
Rank#59  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score9.69
Rank#48  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score0.27
Rank#273  Overall
#41  Key-value stores
#126  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.h2database.comwww.leanxcale.com
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docswww.h2database.com/­html/­main.html
DeveloperCockroach LabsThomas MuellerLeanXcale
Initial release201520052015
Current release21.1.2, June 20211.4.200, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.
Implementation languageGoJava
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemedynamic schemayesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyesyes infothrough Apache Derby
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
JavaC
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functions
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a database
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBH2LeanXcale
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Full ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Linear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Hybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersComcast, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc,...
» more
banking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics8K+ long-running clusters 1.2K+ CockroachDB Enterprise clusters 4K+ CockroachCloud...
» more
15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
annual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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More resources
CockroachDBH2LeanXcale
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