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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. Greenplum vs. LeanXcale

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. Greenplum vs. LeanXcale

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Analytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.A highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilities
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.53
Rank#59  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score13.33
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score0.15
Rank#299  Overall
#44  Key-value stores
#138  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comgreenplum.orgwww.leanxcale.com
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdocs.greenplum.org
DeveloperCockroach LabsPivotal Software Inc.LeanXcale
Initial release201520052015
Current release21.1.2, June 20216.7.1, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachDB: A cloud-native, distributed SQL database designed for speed, scale, and survival. Get started for free today with a fully-managed CockroachDB cluster -- leave operations behind and get your app to market faster.
Implementation languageGo
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemedynamic schemayesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infosince Version 4.2
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyesyes infothrough Apache Derby
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
C
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBGreenplumLeanXcale
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Full ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Linear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Hybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersComcast, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc, Bitski,...
» more
banking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics8K+ long-running clusters 2.5K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 15K+ CockroachDB...
» more
15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
annual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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More resources
CockroachDBGreenplumLeanXcale
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