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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. GraphDB vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. GraphDB vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.44
Rank#66  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score1.39
Rank#142  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score53.12
Rank#19  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score1.36
Rank#144  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score1.12
Rank#154  Overall
#75  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comgraphdb.ontotext.comwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.stardog.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hanawww.stardog.com/­docsdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperCockroach LabsOntotextSAPStardog-UnionYugabyte Inc.
Initial release20152000201020102017
Current release19.2.6, April 20208.8, January 20192.0 SPS04, April 20197.3.0, May 20202.2.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.no infoalso available as a cloud based servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.
Implementation languageGoJavaJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemedynamic schemaschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serveryes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsJDBCGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Server PluginSQLScript, Ruser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javayes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersnonoyesyes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTnoneyesnoneHash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTMulti-source replicationyesMulti-source replication in HA-ClusterBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoConstraint checkingyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlyesyesAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMSAP HANAStardogYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a DistributedSQL database architected for modern cloud applications....
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Gain Developer Agility Leverage full power of PostgreSQL-compatible SQL and distributed...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
YugabyteDB is a distributed ACID-compliant database that brings together four must-have...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
YugabyteDB is a good fit for fast-growing, cloud native applications that need to...
» more
Key customersComcast, WeWork, LUSH, Bose, Kindred, Nubank, Baidu
» more
BBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metrics7.5K+ long-running clusters 400+ CockroachDB Enterprise clusters 100+ CockroachCloud...
» more
GraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
YugabyteDB is a 100% open source project licensed under the permissive Apache 2.0...
» more

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More resources
CockroachDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMSAP HANAStardogYugabyteDB
Conferences and events

Reasoning with Big Knowledge Graphs: Choices, Pitfalls and Proven Recipes
Webinar, 8:00 AM PST / 11:00 AM EST / 5:00 PM CEST, 30 July 2020 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Cockroach Labs Chief Product Officer Nate Stewart Joins Board of Directors
15 July 2020, PRNewswire

CockroachDB review: Distributed SQL shifts into high gear
16 January 2020, InfoWorld

A Gmail for databases: CockroachDB aims for the top, stocks up with $86.6M new funding
5 May 2020, ZDNet

CockroachDB 19.2 Enables Enterprise to Build Global Applications with Strong Performance
12 November 2019, PRNewswire

Database Week: CockroachDB spring release targets developers
12 May 2020, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Ontotext GraphDB Named Champion in Bloor's Graph Database Market Update
27 July 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PRNewswire

Semantic Web Company and Ontotext Partner to Advance Enterprise Knowledge Graphs
17 June 2020, PR Newswire UK

Ontotext Platform 3.0 for Enterprise Knowledge Graphs Released
16 December 2019, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.1 - the Database to Support High-quality Knowledge Graphs
13 January 2020, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

SAP Unveils SAP HANA Enterprise Cloud, Customer Edition
10 August 2020, Inside SAP Magazine

HPE and SAP partner to deliver SAP HANA Enterprise Cloud with HPE GreenLake
9 August 2020, DataCentreNews Europe

HPE, SAP to deliver SAP HANA Enterprise Cloud with HPE GreenLake
6 August 2020, ZDNet

HPE-SAP Alliance Broadens with SAP HANA Enterprise Cloud, CE
7 August 2020, Channel Futures

HPE, SAP to Deliver HANA Enterprise Cloud via GreenLake
10 August 2020, Channelnomics

provided by Google News

Yugabyte Simplifies Enterprise Database Deployments with Release of YugabyteDB 2.2
15 July 2020, Business Wire

Yugabyte Announces Second Annual Distributed SQL Summit | Wire
11 August 2020, Chronicle-Tribune

YugabyteDB 2.2 improves open source distributed SQL database
15 July 2020, TechTarget

Yugabyte Raises $30 Million In Series B Funding To Meet Growing Demand For Its Cloud Native, Geo-Distributed SQL Database
9 June 2020, Business Wire

Yugabyte Scales to New Heights with the Release of YugabyteDB 2.1
25 February 2020, Business Wire

provided by Google News

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