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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Snowflake vs. TerarkDB

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Snowflake vs. TerarkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Cloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDB
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.44
Rank#66  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score7.82
Rank#50  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score2.59
Rank#107  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#313  Overall
#53  Key-value stores
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.snowflake.comgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoredocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmlgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wiki
DeveloperCockroach LabsGoogleSnowflake Computing Inc.Terark
Initial release2015201720142016
Current release19.2.6, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availablecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted open source version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.
Implementation languageGoC++
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
hostedhosted
Data schemedynamic schemaschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsuser defined functionsno
Triggersnoyes, with Cloud Functionsno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTShardingyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTMulti-source replicationyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoUsing Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Users with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationno
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBGoogle Cloud FirestoreSnowflakeTerarkDB
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a DistributedSQL database architected for modern cloud applications....
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Key customersComcast, WeWork, LUSH, Bose, Kindred, Nubank, Baidu
» more
Market metrics7.5K+ long-running clusters 400+ CockroachDB Enterprise clusters 100+ CockroachCloud...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more

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More resources
CockroachDBGoogle Cloud FirestoreSnowflakeTerarkDB
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