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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Google Cloud Firestore

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Google Cloud Firestore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Cloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.63
Rank#60  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score3.64
Rank#91  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score8.37
Rank#53  Overall
#9  Document stores
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comcloud.google.com/­bigtablefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestore
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestore
DeveloperCockroach LabsGoogleGoogle
Initial release201520152017
Current release21.1.2, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.
Implementation languageGo
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
hostedhosted
Data schemedynamic schemaschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLnono
APIs and other access methodsJDBCgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functions
Triggersnonoyes, with Cloud Functions
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesUsing Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBGoogle Cloud BigtableGoogle Cloud Firestore
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Key customersComcast, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc,...
» more
Market metrics6.5K+ long-running clusters 1.5K+ CockroachDB Enterprise clusters 6.5K+ CockroachCloud...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
CockroachDBGoogle Cloud BigtableGoogle Cloud Firestore
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