DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > CockroachDB vs. FoundationDB vs. LeanXcale

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. FoundationDB vs. LeanXcale

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Ordered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilities
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.40
Rank#58  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score1.83
Rank#142  Overall
#26  Document stores
#26  Key-value stores
#71  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#318  Overall
#44  Key-value stores
#142  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.foundationdb.orgwww.leanxcale.com
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsapple.github.io/­foundationdb
DeveloperCockroach LabsFoundationDBLeanXcale
Initial release201520132015
Current release21.1.2, June 20216.2.28, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachDB: A cloud-native, distributed SQL database designed for speed, scale, and survival. Get started for free today with a fully-managed CockroachDB cluster -- leave operations behind and get your app to market faster.
Implementation languageGoC++
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemedynamic schemaschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infothrough Apache Derby
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoin SQL-layer only
Triggersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesin SQL-layer onlyyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlno
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBFoundationDBLeanXcale
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Full ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Linear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Hybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersComcast, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, Bitski, Five9,...
» more
banking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics8K+ long-running clusters 2.5K+ CockroachDB self-hosted clusters 20K+ CockroachDB...
» more
15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
annual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CockroachDBFoundationDBLeanXcale
Recent citations in the news

CockroachDB Toughens Shell For Data-Intense Journey To Cloud
7 December 2022, Forbes

Hasura Native Integrations with CockroachDB and AWS Athena Give Users Fast, Resilient, Secure GraphQL APIs Instantly
8 November 2022, Business Wire

In Conversation with Spencer Kimball, CEO, Cockroach Labs
17 November 2022, mattturck.com

Cockroach Labs debuts serverless edition of its popular CockroachDB database
21 September 2022, SiliconANGLE News

CockroachDB adds command line tool as database hits version 22.1
24 May 2022, The Register

provided by Google News

IBM Cloudant pulls plan to fund new foundational layer for CouchDB
15 March 2022, The Register

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

Apple Open Sources FoundationDB
19 April 2018, MacRumors

Apple open-sources FoundationDB database to build open development community
20 April 2018, Daily Host News

Why Apple Had To Take The NoSQL Plunge
31 March 2015, ReadWrite

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Sr Developer - Node JS
Photon, Bellevue, WA

.NET Developer
Skillspark AB, Remote

Distributed Systems Engineer (L4) - Data Platform
Netflix, Remote

Web Developer PHP/SQL
Round Sky, Las Vegas, NV

Lead DBA
JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., Houston, TX

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Present your product here