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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. JanusGraph

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. JanusGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.82
Rank#60  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score135.74
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score2.30
Rank#134  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchjanusgraph.org
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.janusgraph.org
DeveloperCockroach LabsElasticLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by Aurelius
Initial release201520102017
Current release23.1.1, May 20238.6, January 20230.6.3, February 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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CockroachDB: A cloud-native, distributed SQL database designed for speed, scale, and survival. Get started for free today with a fully-managed CockroachDB cluster -- leave operations behind and get your app to market faster.
Implementation languageGoJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemedynamic schemaschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTShardingyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectoryes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBElasticsearchJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
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Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
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Typical application scenariosPayment processing, user account management, metadata management, identity access...
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Key customersComcast, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, Netflix, LUSH, Bose, Shipt,...
» more
Market metrics12K+ long-running clusters 25K+ CockroachDB self-hosted clusters 75K+ CockroachDB...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more

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CockroachDBElasticsearchJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan
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