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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. EXASOL vs. GridGain vs. SAP IQ vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. EXASOL vs. GridGain vs. SAP IQ vs. Snowflake

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonGridGain  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.High-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.GridGain is an in-memory computing platform, built on Apache IgniteColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analyticsCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS infocolumn-orientedRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.97
Rank#68  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score3.09
Rank#92  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score2.16
Rank#116  Overall
#23  Key-value stores
#56  Relational DBMS
Score4.93
Rank#70  Overall
#39  Relational DBMS
Score2.73
Rank#101  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.exasol.com/­en/­productswww.gridgain.comwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.htmlwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docswww.exasol.com/­en/­community/­resourceswww.gridgain.com/­docs/­latesthelp.sap.com/­iqdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperCockroach LabsExasolGridGain Systems, Inc.SAP, formerly SybaseSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release20152000200719942014
Current release19.2.6, April 2020GridGain 8.5.116.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availablecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.
Implementation languageGoJava, C++, .Net
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemedynamic schemayesyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyesANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
Java
Lua
Python
R
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)yesuser defined functions
Triggersnoyesyes (cache interceptors and events)yesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTShardingShardingshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexeryes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-Master replication using RAFTyes (replicated cache)SAP/Sybase Replication Serveryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoHadoop integrationyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBEXASOLGridGainSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQSnowflake
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a DistributedSQL database architected for modern cloud applications....
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Key customersComcast, WeWork, LUSH, Bose, Kindred, Nubank, Baidu
» more
Market metrics6K+ long-running clusters 200+ CockroachDB Enterprise clusters 80+ CockroachCloud...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more

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More resources
CockroachDBEXASOLGridGainSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQSnowflake
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