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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. EJDB vs. EXASOL vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. EJDB vs. EXASOL vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonEJDB  Xexclude from comparisonEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Embeddable document-store database library with JSON representation of queries (in MongoDB style)High-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSWide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.97
Rank#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#286  Overall
#39  Document stores
Score3.53
Rank#91  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score3.63
Rank#89  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comejdb.orgwww.exasol.comcloud.google.com/­bigtable
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsgithub.com/­Softmotions/­ejdb/­blob/­master/­README.mdwww.exasol.com/­resourcescloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docs
DeveloperCockroach LabsSoftmotionsExasolGoogle
Initial release2015201220002015
Current release21.1.2, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoGPLv2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.
Implementation languageGoC
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
server-lesshosted
Data schemedynamic schemaschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, bool, date, object_idyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCin-process shared library.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
Actionscript
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lua
Objective-C
Pike
Python
Ruby
Java
Lua
Python
R
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonouser defined functionsno
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTnoneInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zones
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoHadoop integrationyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not needed, however similar functionality with collection joins possibleyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDAtomic single-row operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoRead/Write Lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBEJDBEXASOLGoogle Cloud Bigtable
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Key customersComcast, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc,...
» more
Market metrics6.7K+ long-running clusters 2.2K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 10.5K+ CockroachDB...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more

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More resources
CockroachDBEJDBEXASOLGoogle Cloud Bigtable
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