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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. Drizzle vs. Ingres vs. MariaDB

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. Drizzle vs. Ingres vs. MariaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.MySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Well established RDBMSMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.73
Rank#59  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score5.65
Rank#65  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score100.70
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmsmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdocs.actian.com/­ingresmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­library
DeveloperCockroach LabsDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerActian CorporationMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release201520081974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s2009
Current release21.1.2, June 20217.2.4, September 201211.0, April 201710.6.4, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageGoC++CC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Data schemedynamic schemayesyesyes infoDynamic columns are supported
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
C
C++
Java
PHP
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3
Triggersnono infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTShardinghorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslyseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Ingres ReplicatorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engine
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBDrizzleIngresMariaDB
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
MariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
MariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersComcast, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc,...
» more
Deutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metrics8K+ long-running clusters 1.2K+ CockroachDB Enterprise clusters 4K+ CockroachCloud...
» more
MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more

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More resources
CockroachDBDrizzleIngresMariaDB
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