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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. Derby vs. Riak KV

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. Derby vs. Riak KV

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Distributed, fault tolerant key-value store
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexes
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.15
Rank#55  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score4.71
Rank#69  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score4.10
Rank#82  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comdb.apache.org/­derby
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.tiot.jp/­riak-docs/­riak/­kv/­latest
DeveloperCockroach LabsApache Software FoundationOpenSource, formerly Basho Technologies
Initial release201519972009
Current release23.1.1, May 202310.17.1.0, November 20233.2.0, December 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageGoJavaErlang
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Data schemedynamic schemayesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesrestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBCHTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
JavaC infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored ProceduresErlang
Triggersnoyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTnoneSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTSource-replica replicationselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno infolinks between data sets can be stored
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes, using Riak Security

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More resources
CockroachDBDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBRiak KV
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