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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. Couchbase vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. Couchbase vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.A distributed document store with integrated cache, a powerful search engine, in-built operational and analytical capabilities, and an embedded mobile databaseJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Search engine
Time Series DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.15
Rank#55  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score17.30
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score2.28
Rank#115  Overall
#21  Document stores
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.couchbase.compouchdb.com
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdocs.couchbase.compouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperCockroach LabsCouchbase, Inc.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release201520112012
Current release24.1.0, May 2024Server: 7.2, June 2023; Mobile: 3.1, March 2022; Couchbase Capella (DBaaS), June 20237.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoBusiness Source License (BSL 1.1); Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageGoC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaScript
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemedynamic schemaschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLSQL++, extends ANSI SQL to JSON for operational, transactional, and analytic use casesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCCLI Client
HTTP REST
Kafka Connector
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIs
Spark Connector
Spring Data
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Kotlin
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoFunctions and timers in JavaScript and UDFs in Java, Python, SQL++View functions in JavaScript
Triggersnoyes infovia the TAP protocolyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTAutomatic ShardingSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authentication. Role-base access control.no

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More resources
CockroachDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembasePouchDB
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Recent citations in the news

Cockroach Labs Deepens Partnership with Google Cloud, CockroachDB Selected to Join Google Distributed Cloud
9 April 2024, PR Newswire

CockroachDB tempts legacy databases to crawl into the cloud age
29 January 2024, The Register

How DoorDash Migrated from Aurora Postgres to CockroachDB
5 December 2023, The New Stack

DoorDash Uses CockroachDB to Create Config Management Platform for Microservices
14 February 2024, InfoQ.com

How to Unlock Real-Time Data Streams with CockroachDB and Amazon MSK | Amazon Web Services
6 November 2023, AWS Blog

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Couchbase (BASE) Set to Announce Earnings on Wednesday
29 May 2024, MarketBeat

Couchbase Announces New Features to Accelerate AI-Powered Adaptive Applications for Customers
29 February 2024, PR Newswire

Couchbase's revenue grows 20% and its stock rises in extended trading
5 March 2024, SiliconANGLE News

Insider Sale: Matthew Cain Sells 10,053 Shares of Couchbase Inc (BASE)
17 May 2024, Yahoo Finance

Couchbase Server and Capella to gain vector support
1 March 2024, InfoWorld

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Building an Offline First App with PouchDB — SitePoint
10 March 2014, SitePoint

Getting Started with PouchDB Client-Side JavaScript Database — SitePoint
7 September 2016, SitePoint

3 Reasons To Think Offline First
22 March 2017, IBM

Create Offline Web Apps Using Service Workers & PouchDB — SitePoint
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Offline-first web and mobile apps: Top frameworks and components
22 January 2019, TechBeacon

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