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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. Couchbase vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. Couchbase vs. NuoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.JSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.97
Rank#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score28.86
Rank#29  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score1.00
Rank#176  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.couchbase.comnuodb.com
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdocs.couchbase.comdoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperCockroach LabsCouchbase, Inc.NuoDB, Inc.
Initial release201520112013
Current release21.1.2, June 2021Server: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
Implementation languageGoC, C++, Go and ErlangC++
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemedynamic schemaschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes
APIs and other access methodsJDBCNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoFunctions and timers in JavaScriptJava, SQL
Triggersnoyes infovia the TAP protocolyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTShardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseNuoDB
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Developed as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Couchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Customer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersComcast, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc,...
» more
Amadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metrics6.7K+ long-running clusters 2.2K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 10.5K+ CockroachDB...
» more
Named a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
The Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
CockroachDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseNuoDB
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