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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. Couchbase vs. GeoSpock

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. Couchbase vs. GeoSpock

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonGeoSpock  Xexclude from comparison
GeoSpock seems to be discontinued. Therefore it will be excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.A distributed document store with integrated cache, a powerful search engine, in-built operational and analytical capabilities, and an embedded mobile databaseSpatial and temporal data processing engine for extreme data scale
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Search engine
Time Series DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.82
Rank#60  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score20.48
Rank#34  Overall
#5  Document stores
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.couchbase.comgeospock.com
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdocs.couchbase.com
DeveloperCockroach LabsCouchbase, Inc.GeoSpock
Initial release20152011
Current release23.1.1, May 2023Server: 7.2, June 2023; Mobile: 3.1, March 2022; Couchbase Capella (DBaaS), June 20232.0, September 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoBusiness Source License (BSL 1.1); Commercial licenses also availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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CockroachDB: A cloud-native, distributed SQL database designed for speed, scale, and survival. Get started for free today with a fully-managed CockroachDB cluster -- leave operations behind and get your app to market faster.
Implementation languageGoC, C++, Go and ErlangJava, Javascript
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemedynamic schemaschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyestemporal, categorical
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLSQL++, extends ANSI SQL to JSON for operational, transactional, and analytic use casesANSI SQL for query only (using Presto)
APIs and other access methodsJDBCCLI Client
HTTP REST
Kafka Connector
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIs
Spark Connector
Spring Data
JDBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Kotlin
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoFunctions and timers in JavaScript and UDFs in Java, Python, SQL++no
Triggersnoyes infovia the TAP protocolno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTAutomatic ShardingAutomatic sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authentication. Role-base access control.Access rights for users can be defined per table
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGeoSpock
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Typical application scenariosPayment processing, user account management, metadata management, identity access...
» more
Key customersComcast, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, Netflix, LUSH, Bose, Shipt,...
» more
Market metrics12K+ long-running clusters 25K+ CockroachDB self-hosted clusters 75K+ CockroachDB...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more

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More resources
CockroachDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGeoSpock
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
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Recent citations in the news

How DoorDash Migrated from Aurora Postgres to CockroachDB
5 December 2023, The New Stack

CockroachDB tempts legacy databases to crawl into the cloud age
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18 January 2024, PR Newswire

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