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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. Couchbase vs. CrateDB

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. Couchbase vs. CrateDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.JSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceDistributed Date Store based on Lucene
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Search engine
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.97
Rank#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score28.86
Rank#29  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score0.97
Rank#179  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
#12  Search engines
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.couchbase.comcrate.io
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdocs.couchbase.comcrate.io/­docs
DeveloperCockroach LabsCouchbase, Inc.Crate
Initial release201520112013
Current release21.1.2, June 2021Server: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
Implementation languageGoC, C++, Go and ErlangJava
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VM
Data schemedynamic schemaschema-freeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes, but no triggers and constraints
APIs and other access methodsJDBCNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoFunctions and timers in JavaScriptuser defined functions
Triggersnoyes infovia the TAP protocolno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategy
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationrights management via user accounts
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCrateDB
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
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Developed as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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CrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
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Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Couchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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CrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
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Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
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Customer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
CrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
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Key customersComcast, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc,...
» more
Amadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
CrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Market metrics6.7K+ long-running clusters 2.2K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 10.5K+ CockroachDB...
» more
Named a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
The CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
The Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
CrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

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More resources
CockroachDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCrateDB
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