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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. CouchDB vs. Dgraph vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. Memgraph

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. CouchDB vs. Dgraph vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. Memgraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems IRIS  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.A native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Distributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA containerised multi-model DBMS, interoperability and analytics data platform with wide capabilities for vertical and horizontal scalabilityA hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scale
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.97
Rank#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score16.64
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1.51
Rank#139  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score1.80
Rank#128  Overall
#21  Document stores
#23  Key-value stores
#2  Object oriented DBMS
#63  Relational DBMS
Score0.37
Rank#259  Overall
#20  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comcouchdb.apache.orgdgraph.iowww.intersystems.com/­products/­intersystems-irismemgraph.com
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledgraph.io/­docsdocs.intersystems.com/­irislatest/­csp/­docbook/­DocBook.UI.Page.clsdocs.memgraph.com
DeveloperCockroach LabsApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerDgraph Labs, Inc.InterSystemsMemgraph Ltd
Initial release20152005201620182017
Current release21.1.2, June 20213.2.0, October 20212021.1, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial infoFree license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageGoErlangGoC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemedynamic schemaschema-freeschema-freedepending on used data modelschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLnonoyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCRESTful HTTP/JSON APIGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptnoyes
Triggersnoyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0yesShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Synchronous replication via RaftSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication using RAFT
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACIDACID infowith snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseno infoPlanned for future releasesyesUsers, roles and permissions
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"DgraphInterSystems IRISMemgraph
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Memgraph directly connects to your streaming infrastructure so you and your team...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Horizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
Business Source License ensures a future for the Memgraph community MAGE algorithm...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Graph algorithms in bioinformatics Social network analysis Cryptocurrency network...
» more
Key customersComcast, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc,...
» more
Market metrics6.7K+ long-running clusters 2.2K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 10.5K+ CockroachDB...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
You can check out our pricing model and licenses on the company website .
» more

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CockroachDBCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"DgraphInterSystems IRISMemgraph
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