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DBMS > Cloudant vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RethinkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.45
Rank#82  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score128.58
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score31.51
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score3.76
Rank#77  Overall
#13  Document stores
Websitecloudant.comproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accessazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbrethinkdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.commsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbrethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014MicrosoftMicrosoftThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release2010199220142009
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20192.4.0, December 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++C++
Server operating systemshostedWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infoJSON typesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScript
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScriptClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
noneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleACID infobut no files for transaction loggingMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyesyesyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights can be defined down to the item levelyes infousers and table-level permissions

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CloudantMicrosoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRethinkDB
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