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DBMS > Cloudant vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. WakandaDB

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. WakandaDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonWakandaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceWidely used in-process key-value storeWakandaDB is embedded in a server that provides a REST API and a server-side javascript engine to access data
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Key-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Object oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.67
Rank#79  Overall
#13  Document stores
Score121.92
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score32.05
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score2.69
Rank#92  Overall
#17  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score0.10
Rank#282  Overall
#15  Object oriented DBMS
Websitecloudant.comproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accessazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlwakanda.github.io
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.commsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmldoc.wakanda.org/­home2.en.html#/­Datastore/­Introduction.200-588937.en.html
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014MicrosoftMicrosoftOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleWakanda SAS
Initial release20101992201419942012
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 201918.1 (Core), June 20182.1.0, July 2017
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficecommercialOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoAGPLv3, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)C++, JavaScript
Server operating systemshostedWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLshostedAIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infoJSON typesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query languageyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScriptnoyes
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScriptyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
noneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-slave replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleACID infobut no files for transaction loggingMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights can be defined down to the item levelnoyes

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CloudantMicrosoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBOracle Berkeley DBWakandaDB
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