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DBMS > Cloudant vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceOpen source graph database
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.45
Rank#82  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score128.58
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score31.51
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score51.66
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitecloudant.comproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accessazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbneo4j.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.commsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014MicrosoftMicrosoftNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release2010199220142007
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20193.5.8, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemshostedWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLshostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScriptyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
noneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleACID infobut no files for transaction loggingMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
CloudantMicrosoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNeo4j
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
CloudantMicrosoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNeo4j
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