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DBMS > Cloudant vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. WakandaDB

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. WakandaDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonWakandaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceMicrosofts relational DBMSWakandaDB is embedded in a server that provides a REST API and a server-side javascript engine to access data
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSObject oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.67
Rank#79  Overall
#13  Document stores
Score121.92
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score32.05
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1083.43
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.10
Rank#282  Overall
#15  Object oriented DBMS
Websitecloudant.comproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accessazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwakanda.github.io
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.commsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdoc.wakanda.org/­home2.en.html#/­Datastore/­Introduction.200-588937.en.html
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014MicrosoftMicrosoftMicrosoftWakanda SAS
Initial release20101992201419892012
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019SQL Server 2019, November 20192.1.0, July 2017
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoAGPLv3, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++C++C++, JavaScript
Server operating systemshostedWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScriptyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
noneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleACID infobut no files for transaction loggingMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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