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DBMS > Cloudant vs. MariaDB vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. MariaDB vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.A DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.05
Rank#86  Overall
#16  Document stores
Score91.77
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score8.74
Rank#46  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitecloudant.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
realm.io
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.commariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Realm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release201020092014
Current release10.5.6, 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageErlangC and C++
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3no inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersyesyesyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keynone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
CloudantMariaDBRealm
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CloudantMariaDBRealm
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Recent citations in the news

Introducing IBM Cloudant on Transaction Engine: Cloud Native by Design
23 June 2020, DevOps.com

IBM Expands Cloud Database Services with Kubernetes
26 September 2019, EnterpriseAI

How to Trigger OpenWhisk Actions on Cloudant Databases Changes
27 July 2016, DZone News

IBM’s new CEO lays out his roadmap
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provided by Google News

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19 October 2020, IT Brief Australia

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Machine Learning Comes to MariaDB Open Source Database with MindsDB Integration
12 October 2020, PR Web

Updates to MariaDB SkySQL bring distributed SQL to the MariaDB cloud
21 October 2020, Help Net Security

provided by Google News

MongoDB Cloud brings developers and edge together
10 June 2020, TechRadar South Africa

MongoDB Extends Cloud Lineup With New Database Release, Search And Mobile Tools
12 June 2020, CRN: Technology news for channel partners and solution providers

MongoDB Cloud Gives Developers An Escape From Data Silos With First-Ever Unified Cloud-To-Mobile Experience
9 June 2020, PRNewswire

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21 March 2017, Database Trends and Applications

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