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DBMS > Cloudant vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.45
Rank#82  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score87.45
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score9.45
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Score2.84
Rank#90  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Websitecloudant.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
azure.microsoft.com/­services/­sql-data-warehousewww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.commariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­sql-data-warehousedocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MicrosoftOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release2010200920161994
Current release10.4.11, December 201918.1 (Core), June 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercialOpen Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
Implementation languageErlangC and C++C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hostedAIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C#
Java
PHP
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3Transact SQLno
Triggersyesyesnoyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keySharding, horizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
yesMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesno
More information provided by the system vendor
CloudantMariaDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Data WarehouseOracle Berkeley DB
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CloudantMariaDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Data WarehouseOracle Berkeley DB
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Conferences and events

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

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