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DBMS > Cloudant vs. HyperSQL vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. HyperSQL vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBMultithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.45
Rank#82  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score4.95
Rank#66  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score128.58
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score31.51
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitecloudant.comhsqldb.orgproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accessazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.comhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmlmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014MicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release2010200119922014
Current release2.5.0, June 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infobased on BSD licensecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaC++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLshosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIHTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptJava, SQLyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScript
Triggersyesyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
nonenoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleACIDACID infobut no files for transaction loggingMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
CloudantHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBMicrosoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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