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DBMS > Cloudant vs. HBase vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. HBase vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument storeWide column storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.45
Rank#82  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score53.34
Rank#21  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score128.58
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score31.51
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitecloudant.comhbase.apache.orgproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accessazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.comhbase.apache.orgmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release2010200819922014
Current release2.2.0, June 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLshosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenooptions to bring your own types, AVROyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScript
Triggersyesyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
noneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACID infobut no files for transaction loggingMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
CloudantHBaseMicrosoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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