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DBMS > Cloudant vs. eXtremeDB vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. eXtremeDB vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.67
Rank#79  Overall
#13  Document stores
Score0.37
Rank#228  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
#13  Time Series DBMS
Score1.16
Rank#139  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score32.05
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.88
Rank#158  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Websitecloudant.comwww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilygraphdb.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.comwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014McObjectOntotextMicrosoft
Initial release20102001200020142017
Current release8.1, November 20198.8, January 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infolimited edition freecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.yesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
eXtremeDB on AWS: High performance DBMS for HPC and Capital Market computing
Implementation languageErlangC and C++JavaC++
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infosupport of XML interfaces availablenono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON API.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyesJava Server PluginJavaScriptyes
Triggersyesyes infoby defining eventsnoJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning / shardingnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Active Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Master-master replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Master-slave replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Master-master replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoConstraint checkingnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleACIDACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyesAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
CloudanteXtremeDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTigerGraph
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
BBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
TigerGraph’s proven technology supports applications such as fraud detection, customer...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
GraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
TigerGraph is 2x to more than 8000x faster at graph traversal and query response...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
NEW: TIGERGRAPH CLOUD - Fully managed Graph Database as a Service. Hourly pricing...
» more
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Webinar, 2 March 2020 (finished)

GraphDB Fundamentals: Adding Meaning to Your Data
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 25 March 2020 (finished)

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