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DBMS > Cloudant vs. eXtremeDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. eXtremeDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.67
Rank#79  Overall
#13  Document stores
Score0.37
Rank#228  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
#13  Time Series DBMS
Score1.93
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score32.05
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.88
Rank#158  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Websitecloudant.comwww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilycloud.google.com/­spannerazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.comwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014McObjectGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release20102001201720142017
Current release8.1, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
eXtremeDB on AWS: High performance DBMS for HPC and Capital Market computing
Implementation languageErlangC and C++C++
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
hostedhostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infosupport of XML interfaces availablenono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011SQL-like query languageSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON API.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyesnoJavaScriptyes
Triggersyesyes infoby defining eventsnoJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning / shardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Active Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Master-master replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Master-slave replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Master-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowwith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights can be defined down to the item levelRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
CloudanteXtremeDBGoogle Cloud SpannerMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTigerGraph
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
TigerGraph’s proven technology supports applications such as fraud detection, customer...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
TigerGraph is 2x to more than 8000x faster at graph traversal and query response...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more
NEW: TIGERGRAPH CLOUD - Fully managed Graph Database as a Service. Hourly pricing...
» more

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More resources
CloudanteXtremeDBGoogle Cloud SpannerMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTigerGraph
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