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DBMS > Cloudant vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument storeWide column storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.45
Rank#82  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score2.25
Rank#106  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score128.58
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score31.51
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitecloudant.comcloud.google.com/­bigtableproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accessazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.comcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014GoogleMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release2010201519922014
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLshosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonoyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScript
Triggersyesnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Internal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesnoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleAtomic single-row operationsACID infobut no files for transaction loggingMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)no infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
CloudantGoogle Cloud BigtableMicrosoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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