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DBMS > Cloudant vs. DolphinDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. DolphinDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft SQL Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonDolphinDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBTime Series DBMS for big data, integrated with a lightweight distributed computing framework and a vector programming languageMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceMicrosofts relational DBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.67
Rank#79  Overall
#13  Document stores
Score0.31
Rank#242  Overall
#15  Time Series DBMS
Score121.92
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score32.05
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1083.43
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitecloudant.comwww.dolphindb.comproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accessazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.comwww.dolphindb.com/­helpmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentation
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014DolphinDB, IncMicrosoftMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release20102018199220141989
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree community version availablecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++C++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLshostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Python
R
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioningnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yesnoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleyesACID infobut no files for transaction loggingMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAdministrators, Users, Groupsno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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