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DBMS > Cloudant vs. Couchbase vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. Couchbase vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.76
Rank#83  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score29.06
Rank#26  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score536.77
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitecloudant.comwww.couchbase.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.comdocs.couchbase.comwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Couchbase, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201020111989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 201912.3, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageErlangC, C++, Go and ErlangC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APINative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptFunctions and timers in JavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyes infovia the TAP protocolyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CloudantCouchbase infoOriginally called MembasePostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
CloudantCouchbase infoOriginally called MembasePostgreSQL
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