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DBMS > Cloudant vs. Couchbase vs. eXtremeDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. Couchbase vs. eXtremeDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.67
Rank#79  Overall
#13  Document stores
Score30.41
Rank#25  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score0.37
Rank#228  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
#13  Time Series DBMS
Score32.05
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.88
Rank#158  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Websitecloudant.comwww.couchbase.comwww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilyazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.comdocs.couchbase.comwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Couchbase, Inc.McObjectMicrosoft
Initial release20102011200120142017
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20198.1, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks.eXtremeDB on AWS: High performance DBMS for HPC and Capital Market computing
Implementation languageErlangC, C++, Go and ErlangC and C++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infosupport of XML interfaces availableno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APINative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIs.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyesJavaScriptyes
Triggersyesyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infoby defining eventsJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning / shardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Active Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Master-master replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Master-slave replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleACIDACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
CloudantCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseeXtremeDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
eXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
eXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
IoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Schneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
TigerGraph’s proven technology supports applications such as fraud detection, customer...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
With hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
TigerGraph is 2x to more than 8000x faster at graph traversal and query response...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
For server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more
NEW: TIGERGRAPH CLOUD - Fully managed Graph Database as a Service. Hourly pricing...
» more

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More resources
CloudantCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseeXtremeDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTigerGraph
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