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DBMS > Cloudant vs. Couchbase vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. Couchbase vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.A Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasets
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMSWide column store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.67
Rank#79  Overall
#13  Document stores
Score30.41
Rank#25  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score89.90
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score4.85
Rank#63  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Websitecloudant.comwww.couchbase.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
azure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tables
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.comdocs.couchbase.commariadb.com/­kb/­en/­library
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Couchbase, Inc.MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Microsoft
Initial release2010201120092012
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 201910.4.12, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageErlangC, C++, Go and ErlangC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APINative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3no
Triggersyesyes infovia the TAP protocolyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keySharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
yes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsyes infowith MEMORY storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signatures
More information provided by the system vendor
CloudantCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMariaDBMicrosoft Azure Table Storage
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Open source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
High availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Booking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

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More resources
CloudantCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMariaDBMicrosoft Azure Table Storage
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