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DBMS > Cloudant vs. CouchDB vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. CouchDB vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.68
Rank#82  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score16.07
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score4.82
Rank#68  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitecloudant.comcouchdb.apache.orgorientdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stableorientdb.org/­docs/­3.0.x
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud
Initial release201020052010
Current release3.0, February 20203.0.31, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangErlangJava
Server operating systemshostedAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIRESTful HTTP/JSON APITinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScriptJava, Javascript
TriggersyesyesHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesno infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable

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More resources
CloudantCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"OrientDB
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