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DBMS > Cloudant vs. CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.70
Rank#74  Overall
#13  Document stores
Score18.04
Rank#34  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score11.74
Rank#40  Overall
#7  Document stores
Websitecloudant.comcouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-database
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­database
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014
Initial release201020052012
Current release2.3.1, March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangErlang
Server operating systemshostedAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'
TriggersyesyesCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rules

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CloudantCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime Database
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