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DBMS > Cloudant vs. Couchbase vs. CouchDB

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. Couchbase vs. CouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.01
Rank#82  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score30.60
Rank#26  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score17.25
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Websitecloudant.comwww.couchbase.comcouchdb.apache.org
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.comdocs.couchbase.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stable
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Couchbase, Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developer
Initial release201020112005
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20193.0, February 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
Implementation languageErlangC, C++, Go and ErlangErlang
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes infoString, Boolean, Numberno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.no
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APINative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsRESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptFunctions and timers in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyesyes infovia the TAP protocolyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possible
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyesyes infostrategy: optimistic locking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users can be defined per database
More information provided by the system vendor
CloudantCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
CloudantCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"
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