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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. Snowflake vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. Snowflake vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.88
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score110.15
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score3.69
Rank#95  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Websiteclickhouse.techwww.snowflake.compingcap.com
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmldocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperClickhouse Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release201620142016
Current releasev22.8.5.29-lts, September 20226.3.0, September 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
hostedLinux
Data schemeyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes, when using the MergeTree engineyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLyesyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsno
Triggersnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyeshorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
ClickHouseSnowflakeTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ClickHouseSnowflakeTiDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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