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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. Snowflake vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. Snowflake vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.32
Rank#46  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score93.51
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score22.86
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websiteclickhouse.techwww.snowflake.comspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmlspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperClickhouse Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release201620142014
Current releasev22.4.5.9-stable, May 20223.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Scala
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsno
Triggersnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationno

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More resources
ClickHouseSnowflakeSpark SQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Real-time database startup Imply reaches unicorn status with $100M infusion
17 May 2022, TechCrunch

Two Sizes Fit Most: PostgreSQL and ClickHouse – The New Stack
13 April 2022, thenewstack.io

ClickHouse Raises $250M Series B To Scale Groundbreaking OLAP Database Management System Globally
28 October 2021, Business Wire

Speedy Column-Store ClickHouse Spins Out from Yandex, Raises $50M
24 September 2021, Datanami

Multiple Flaws Uncovered in ClickHouse OLAP Database System for Big Data
16 March 2022, The Hacker News

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25 April 2022, VentureBeat

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