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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. PostgreSQL vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. PostgreSQL vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.31
Rank#65  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score527.00
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.15
Rank#283  Overall
#24  Graph DBMS
Websiteclickhouse.techwww.postgresql.orgtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperYandex LLCPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20161989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2009
Current releasev20.3.8.53, April 202012.3, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++CJava
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
ClickHousePostgreSQLTinkerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

Recent citations in the news

From Russia with OLAP: Percona uses ClickHouse analytics
10 October 2019, ComputerWeekly.com

ClickHouse - from website clicks to ultra-fast analytics solution -
27 April 2020, Enterprise Times

Time Series Databases, the Future of Monitoring and Logging
3 December 2019, Security Boulevard

ClickHouse Experiencing Explosive Growth in EU, US and Asia in Q1 2018
23 April 2018, PR Newswire

Data Monoliths Go Cloud-Native with Kubernetes
31 October 2019, DevOps.com

provided by Google News

PostgreSQL Multi-Model Graph Extension Announced
12 July 2020, iProgrammer

Bitnine Looks to Scale PostgreSQL
30 June 2020, Datanami

Taking a practical approach to open source PostgreSQL
24 June 2020, TechTarget

Understanding autovacuum in Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL environments
6 July 2020, idk.dev

EnterpriseDB Rebrands to EDB; Continues to Lead in the PostgreSQL Movement
23 June 2020, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Amazon Neptune review: A scalable graph database for OLTP
13 May 2019, InfoWorld

Save Joern — Open Source at ShiftLeft
8 May 2018, Security Boulevard

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