DBMS > ClickHouse vs. MongoDB vs. TiDB
System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. MongoDB vs. TiDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
|ClickHouse Xexclude from comparison
|MongoDB Xexclude from comparison
|TiDB Xexclude from comparison
|A high-performance, column-oriented SQL DBMS for online analytical processing (OLAP) that uses all available system resources to their full potential to process each analytical query as fast as possible. It is available as both an open-source software and a cloud offering.
|One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
|TiDB is an open source distributed SQL database that supports Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) workloads. It is MySQL compatible and features horizontal scalability, strong consistency, and high availability.
|Primary database model
|Secondary database models
|Time Series DBMS
Search engine integrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS Time Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Vector DBMS currently available in the MongoDB Atlas cloud service only
|v188.8.131.528-stable, December 2023
|6.0.7, June 2023
|7.6.0, January 2024
|License Commercial or Open Source
|Open Source Apache 2.0
|Open Source MongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
|Open Source Apache 2.0
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service
|no MongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service
Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
|MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
|TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
|Server operating systems
|schema-free Although schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date
|yes string, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.
|SQL Support of SQL
|Close to ANSI SQL (SQL/JSON + extensions)
|Read-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Atlas SQL Interface
|APIs and other access methods
MySQL wire protocol
PostgreSQL wire protocol
proprietary protocol using JSON
|Supported programming languages
|C# 3rd party library
Elixir 3rd party library
Go 3rd party library
Java 3rd party library
Kotlin 3rd party library
Nim 3rd party library
Perl 3rd party library
PHP 3rd party library
Python 3rd party library
R 3rd party library
Ruby 3rd party library
Scala 3rd party library
|Actionscript unofficial driver
Clojure unofficial driver
ColdFusion unofficial driver
D unofficial driver
Dart unofficial driver
Delphi unofficial driver
Groovy unofficial driver
Lisp unofficial driver
Lua unofficial driver
MatLab unofficial driver
PowerShell unofficial driver
Prolog unofficial driver
R unofficial driver
Smalltalk unofficial driver
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures
|yes in MongoDB Atlas only
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes
|key based and custom
|Sharding Partitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.
|horizontal partitioning (by key range)
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes
|Asynchronous and synchronous physical replication; geographically distributed replicas; support for object storages.
|Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
|Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods
|yes with TiSpark Connector
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system
|Eventual Consistency can be individually decided for each read operation
Immediate Consistency default behaviour
|Foreign keys Referential integrity
|no typically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
|yes full support since version 6.6
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data
|Multi-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data
|Durability Support for making data persistent
|yes optional, enabled by default
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.
|yes In-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
|User concepts Access control
|Access rights for users and roles. Column and row based policies. Quotas and resource limits. Pluggable authentication with LDAP and Kerberos. Password based, X.509 certificate, and SSH key authentication.
|Access rights for users and roles
|Fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
|More information provided by the system vendor
|MongoDB provides an integrated suite of cloud database and data services to accelerate...
|TiDB is an advanced open-source, distributed SQL database for modern application...
|Built around the flexible document data model and unified API, MongoDB is a developer...
|- HORIZONTAL SCALING : TiDB grants total transparency into your data workloads without...
|Typical application scenarios
|AI-enriched intelligent apps (Continental, Telefonica, Iron Mountain) Internet of...
|TiDB is ideal for transactional applications that require extreme scalability and...
|ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
|Block, Pinterest, Catalyst, Bolt, Flipkart, Capcom, Shopee (E-commerce), JD Cloud...
|Hundreds of millions downloads, over 150,000+ Atlas clusters provisioned every month...
|34K+ GitHub stars 5K+ members in TiDB Community Slack 1K+ community contributors...
|Licensing and pricing models
|MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
|TiDB Community : Free open source software (Apache 2.0) TiDB Self-Hosted : Enterprise...
We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
|Related products and services
|DoubleCloud: Fully managed ClickHouse alongside best-in-class managed open-source services to build analytics at scale.
Aiven for Clickhouse: Managed cloud data warehousing with high-speed analytics.
|Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
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